Glossary

The following old English words are used within the text.  
                 

Advowson Date: 14th century The right in English law of presenting a nominee to an ecclesiastical benefice

Appurtenant Date: 14th century constituting a legal accompaniment

Benefice Date: 14th century 1 : an ecclesiastical office to which the revenue from an endowment is attached 2 : a feudal estate in lands :

Carucate A plow land As much land as one team can plow in a year and a day; -- said to be about 100 acres

Chalybeate Date: 1634 Impregnated with salts of iron; also : having a taste due to iron <chalybeate springs> 

Chantry Date: 14th century 1 : an endowment for the chanting of masses commonly for the founder 2 : a chapel endowed by a chantry

Cottar Date: 14th century A peasant or farm laborer who occupies a cottage and sometimes a small holding of land usually in return for services

Demesne Date: 14th century manorial land actually possessed by the lord and not held by tenants

Exonerated Date: 1524 1 : to relieve of a responsibility, obligation, or hardship 2 : to clear from accusation or blame

Escheat Date: 14th century a : the reversion of lands in English feudal law to the lord of the fee when there are no heirs capable of inheriting under the original grant b : the reversion of property to the crown in England

enfeoff Date: 15th century: to invest with a fief or fee

Fealty Date: 14th century a : the fidelity of a vassal or feudal tenant to his lord b : the obligation of such fidelity

Fief Date: circa 1611 1 : a feudal estate 2 : something over which one has rights or exercises control <a politician's fief>

Fee Date: 14th century a 1 : an estate in land held in feudal law from a lord on condition of homage and service 2 : a piece of land so held b : an inherited or heritable estate in land

Fine Date: 13th century 2 : a compromise of a fictitious suit used as a form of conveyance of lands 3 a : a sum imposed as punishment for an offense b : a forfeiture or penalty paid to an injured party in a civil action

Hide Date: before 12th century: any of various old English units of land area; especially : a unit of 120 acres

Hundred inquisition Date: 14th century 1 : the act of inquiring 2 : a judicial or official inquiry or examination usually before a jury; also 3 : the finding of the jury

Licence Date: 14th century 1 : permission to act 2 a : a permission granted by competent authority to engage in a business or occupation or in an activity otherwise

Manor Date: 14th century 1 a : the house or hall of an estate :b : a landed estate 2 a : a unit of English rural territorial organization; especially : such a unit in the Middle Ages consisting of an estate under a lord enjoying a variety of rights over land and tenants including the right to hold court 

Moiety Date: 15th century 1 a : one of two equal parts : b : one of two approximately equal parts 2 : one of the portions into which something is divided seised

Soke Date: 12th century 1 : the right in Anglo-Saxon and early English law to hold court and administer justice with the franchise to receive certain fees or fines arising from it : jurisdiction over a territory or over people 2 : the district included in a soke jurisdiction or franchise

Sokemen Date: 1579A man who is under the soke of another

Tithe Date: before 12th century 1 : to pay or give a tenth part of especially for the support of the church 2 : to levy a tithe on

Thane Date: before 12th century 1 : a free retainer of an Anglo-Saxon lord; especially : one resembling a feudal baron by holding lands of and performing military service for the king 2 : a Scottish feudal lord

Villein Date: 14th century 1 : a free common villager or village peasant of any of the feudal classes lower in rank than the thane 2 : a free peasant of a feudal class lower than a sokeman and higher than a cotter 3 : an unfree peasant standing as the slave of a feudal lord but free in legal relations with respect to all others

Virgate Date: 1655 An old English unit of land area equal to one quarter of a hide or one quarter of an acre